HomeNigeriaHow to Start a Supermarket Business in Nigeria? Business Plan

How to Start a Supermarket Business in Nigeria? Business Plan

A supermarket is a place where you can find everything you want and your important needs. Anyone can go to a supermarket. In a supermarket, you can find the upper class, the middle class and the lower class shopping for their needs. A supermarket has several options and you can shop for everything you need in one place.

In supermarkets, products are arranged in a way that will attract customers. Buying products from a supermarket has become a major part of the lives of billions of people. Products are arranged on aisles and shelves into sections in an attractive way for easy location and identification. After a customer shops for their needed products, they can then proceed to the cashiers at the supermarket and pay for the products they have. 

Is the Supermarket Business Profitable in Nigeria?

The supermarket business in Nigeria is one of the most profitable businesses in Nigeria at this time. Starting up a supermarket business in Nigeria is very profitable even though there are challenges. 

The supermarket business is very competitive in Nigeria but it is very profitable if you do it the right way.

Supermarket Business Plan in Nigeria 

Anyone can start up a supermarket business in Nigeria if the person has proper knowledge about the supermarket business and the required capital to be able to start up the supermarket business in Nigeria. 

Planning your supermarket business in Nigeria is a very important step. Before starting your supermarket business in Nigeria you need to think and make a plan for your business. 

You need to plan what your supermarket size and layout will be and what type of supermarket business you wish to start. You need to plan how you want your supermarket business to be run. You need to plan and know what method is needed to operate your supermarket business. Do your research and make plans for your supermarket business in Nigeria. It is important to write down your business plan.

Your supermarket business plan should have your business goals and how you can achieve those business goals for your supermarket business in Nigeria. You can also give yourself a time frame to achieve your set business goals. 

Your supermarket business plan should be well detailed because it can assist you when you want to get investors. 

Your supermarket business plan should contain an executive summary, company overview, products and services, marketing and sales strategies, business structure, market analysis, financial analysis and conclusion. 

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List of Items Sold in a Supermarket in Nigeria 

The list of items that can be sold in supermarkets in Nigeria include:

  1. Clothes.
  2. Stationeries like pens, pencils, erasers, sketchbooks, notepads, etc.
  3. Phones and accessories.
  4. Magazines.
  5. Sanitary products. 
  6. Skincare products. 
  7. Fruits like oranges, watermelon, pineapples, strawberries, etc.
  8. Cooking utensils. 
  9. Canned foods like tinned tomatoes,  baked beans, sweet corn, canned tuna, etc.
  10. Dairy products like cheese, milk, yoghurt, etc.
  11. Beverages like tea, coffee, carbonated drinks, etc.
  12. Condiments and seasonings like salt, pepper,  barbecue sauce,  ketchup,  mayonnaise, etc.
  13. Fats and oils like butter and cooking oils.
  14. Grains and cereals like rice, breakfast cereals, bread, etc. 
  15. Vegetables like cabbage, scent leaves, spinach, bell peppers, water leaves, etc.

There are so many items that can be found in a supermarket in Nigeria. All the things a person needs every day can be found at a supermarket in Nigeria. 

Mini supermarket in Nigeria 

A mini supermarket in Nigeria is not as equipped as a large supermarket in Nigeria, but a mini supermarket also has the same self-service format as a large supermarket in Nigeria. A mini supermarket can be located in a suburban area. 

Mini Supermarket Product List 

The list of items that can be found in a mini supermarket in Nigeria include:

  1. Sanitary products,
  2. Snacks,
  3. Canned foods,
  4. Beverages,
  5. Milk,
  6. Butter,
  7. Cooking oils,
  8. Stationary, etc.

How to Start a Supermarket Business in Nigeria 

Every step is important when you want to open up a supermarket business in Nigeria. 

Creating a Business plan 

Having a business plan is a very important step for every business. When planning your supermarket business in Nigeria you need to consider what you want your business to look like and how you want to start. You can choose to start on a small scale and then upgrade your business to a large scale supermarket business. 

Your business plan should include the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of your supermarket business in Nigeria.

Raising Funds for Capital 

The amount of money you need for your capital depends on the size of your supermarket business and where you are planning on setting up your business in Nigeria. 

A medium-sized supermarket in Nigeria can cost between NGN 5,000,000- NGN 10,000,000 to open up and a large scale supermarket business could cost NGN 10,000,000 and above to start up.

Choosing a Location 

The location that you choose for your supermarket business in Nigeria determines the failure or success of your business. 

You should choose a location in an urban area or a suburban area. You can set up your supermarket business on busy roads or places that people can easily access. 

Setting up your supermarket business in a place that has a good power supply is very important. 

Purchasing Equipment 

Once you have found a good location and you have the capital for your supermarket business, you can start purchasing all the necessary equipment that you will need to start up your supermarket business in Nigeria. 

 The list of some of the necessary equipment required to start up your supermarket business includes:

  1. Shelves,
  2. Generator set,
  3. Fuel for your generator per month,
  4. Thermal receipt printer,
  5. Paper rolls for thermal receipt printer 
  6. Refrigerators,
  7. Trolleys,
  8. Shopping baskets, 
  9. CCTV cameras, 
  10. Cash registers, 
  11. Desktop,
  12. Barcode scanner, etc.

Finding and Setting up Your Warehouse 

When running a supermarket business in Nigeria, you need to buy your products in bulk so you need a place to store those products before they are put on shelves and sold. When you run out of products you can easily replace them.

Stock Up Your Supermarket 

You need to have reliable suppliers that can supply all the products you need for your supermarket business. You should have a variety of products available for your supermarket and you should make sure that your products are high-quality products. 

Register Your Supermarket Business 

When you get to this step it will be very helpful to have a professional lawyer to help you with the process of registration. 

Before registration, you need to have a proper business structure and you need to have a name for your supermarket business. You need to register your supermarket business with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). You need to obtain your state and federal Tax ID. You have to get your license and permits. You will also need to have an official bank account. 

Recruit Competent Workers

You need to recruit trustworthy and hardworking people for your supermarket business in Nigeria. 

Advertise Your Supermarket Business

There are several ways to advertise your business. You can advertise using online platforms like Facebook, Instagram, etc. You can advertise using signboards, flyers, posters or banners. 

Open Your Supermarket Business and Start Selling

Once everything is set and ready, you can now officially open your supermarket business and start selling. 

How to Run a Supermarket Successfully in Nigeria 

To run a successful supermarket business in Nigeria you need to give your business all your attention.  Having a proper and well-detailed business plan will help you successfully run your supermarket business. You need to always have plans and ideas to improve your supermarket business. 

To run your supermarket business successfully, you need to have a good location for your business. Having a good location is very important because the location of your business determines the failure or success of your business.  

Having reliable suppliers that will give you high-quality products can help you in running your business successfully. You need trustworthy suppliers that will not deliver expired goods to you. It is advisable to go to manufacturers and make a deal with them so that you can have consistent supplies of products, doing this ensures that you will get good quality products. 

The way you arrange your products can also help you in running your supermarket business successfully. You should attractively arrange your products with the price of the product available for customers to see.

Making your supermarket business unique can help you to run your supermarket business successfully. Having well trained and polite staff can make your supermarket business unique. 

Having enough capital for your supermarket business is very helpful when you want to run your business successfully. The more money you put in the more profits you will yield. 

There are a lot of details in a supermarket business that requires all your attention. 

Setting up a supermarket business in Nigeria is very profitable and it can be a way of creating job opportunities for people. 

Jakub Borowiec
Jakub Borowiec
Financial markets enthusiast. I studied management at the University of Economics in Wroclaw.
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