The first thing you should consider if you want to open a recording studio in Nigeria is how much it will cost to set up. When doing cost analysis and budgeting, knowing how much recording studio equipment costs is a good place to start. After you’ve figured out how much music studio equipment costs in Nigeria, you’ll need to decide whether to buy it locally or import it. Another aspect to consider is where your recording studio will be located. When it comes to setting up a studio, you should look for a location that is away from the hustle and bustle of the city. External noise can impede a good recording, and artists who work in a peaceful environment are more creative.
Cost of setting up a recording studio in Nigeria
In Nigeria, or anyplace else for that matter, there is no standard pricing for building a recording studio. It all depends on the type of studio you want to run as well as your budget. There are many different types of studios, each with its own unique set of equipment requirements. Recording studios come in different shapes and sizes, from small studios built for personal use to high-end music recording facilities. We should also think about management and whether we will hire people to help us with equipment management.
How much does a studio cost?
In general, the cost of setting up a recording studio depends on the type of studio you want to set up. Small studios for personal use with basic equipment are less expensive and, to a degree, have lower standards, making it harder to recruit top-tier performers. It is mostly used for training purposes. A budget of N350,000 to N600,000 naira is required to set up this type of studio.
Aside from personal studios, you should budget between N700,000 and a million naira to set up a mini-professional studio with slightly more sophisticated equipment. This type of studio is common in Nigeria, where aspiring musicians can easily afford to record their music in a professional setting.
How much does it cost to build a professional recording studio
On a budget of between N3.5,000,000 and N5,000,000, an A-list professional studio, which will largely be patronised by top-tier artists or those who can afford a recording session, will require the best studio equipment for the best output.
Recording Studio Equipment
To start up a recording studio depending on your budget, you will need all or some of the listed equipment.
· A Computer
· Studio headphones
· Studio Monitors
· Microphones (A Condenser and a Dynamic mic)
· Microphone Stand
· Midi controllers
· Audio Interface/DAW
· Pop Filters
· External or backup drives
· Sound treatment.
Studio equipment prices
Studio equipment prices vary depending on the type of studio you want to set up. Personal studios will require basic equipment compared to semi or professional recording studios.
The computer would be the beating heart of your home recording studio. It would be difficult to get anything to work without a computer in this day and age. The computer could be a laptop or a desktop computer. It can run on either the Windows or Mac operating system. A computer costing between N70,000 and N90,000 will suffice for small studios for personal use, while a computer costing between N120,000 and N200,000 will suffice for semi professional studios. High-end, powerful computers with prices ranging from N300,000 to N700,000 are sure to manage your Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) needs, which demand a lot of processing power.
In the studio, there is a certain sort of headset. Studio headphones are essential equipment for any studio, whether you’re recording or editing. And again, depending on your budget, you can get various kinds of studio headphones. Typically, prices range from N10,000 to N60,000.
While they may appear to be normal house speakers, studio monitors or nearfield monitors are the terms used in the pro audio industry. Studio monitors are meant to have a flat frequency response, unlike normal home speakers, which highlight different frequencies. That is, certain frequencies are not reduced or boosted. Studio monitors are one of the most important pieces of gear in any studio. If you buy a cheap set of speakers that change the sound in any way, you can wind up with a mix that only sounds great on your speakers and not everywhere else. The price ranges from N70,000 to 700,000.
A MIDI controller can take several shapes and be used for a variety of purposes, including live performances and recording. It’s worth noting that a MIDI controller doesn’t make any musical sounds on its own; instead, it sends bits of MIDI data to a computer via a DAW (digital audio workstation), software-based synthesiser, or analogue synthesiser module. A midi controller price ranges from N50,000 to N120,000.
Digital Audio Workstation
The program you’ll use to record, edit, mix, and master your music is known as a digital audio workstation or DAW. There are different types of DAWs available. However, the recording program you choose will be determined by your computer specifications, budget, and musical taste. Before you choose a digital audio workstation, confirm that it will run smoothly on your computer. If you’re just getting started or have a limited budget, there are plenty of free DAWs to choose from. These are some of the best free DAWs you can try: Garage-band (Mac), Audacity (Windows, Mac, Linux), Pro Tools First (Mac, Windows), and Cubase LE (Mac, Windows).
If you’re passionate about music recording, though, investing in a well-paid version could make a huge difference in your recording studio setup. Some of the best DAWs (Mac, Windows) includes Ableton Live 9 Suite (Mac & Windows), FL Studio 12 (Windows OS), Pro Tools 10 (Mac & Windows), Propellerhead Reason (Mac & Windows), MOTU Digital Performer (Mac & Windows), Steinberg Cubase (Mac & Windows), Cockos Reaper (Mac, Windows & Linux), and Avid Pro Tools (Mac, Windows & Linux). The cost of a paid DAW software ranges from N40,000 to N160,000, depending on the software and its functionality.
After you’ve chosen and configured your preferred DAW software, you’ll need an audio interface. An audio interface is a device that allows you to capture and playback sounds from your computer. An audio interface can be a peripheral component interconnect card (PCI card) that you place on your computer, a fire-wire or USB device that you connect to your computer, or a mix of both. A built-in audio interface or soundcard is included with most high-end computers. These are great for watching movies or listening to music, but not so much for recording. As a result, having an external audio interface in your studio is essential. You should check if an audio interface is compatible with your computer before purchasing one. Examine your computer connections to learn about your alternatives. If you don’t want to have to buy a new audio interface in a few years, avoid small interfaces with only two microphone inputs. You should also consider expandability. Select an audio interface with sufficient inputs and outputs to meet your present and future requirements. You should also make sure that your audio interface works well with your DAW program or your computer. A good and reliable audio interface will cost between N80,000 and N250,000.
Microphone and Stand for Microphone
A microphone is one of the most important pieces of equipment used for the majority of your recordings in the studio. You’ll need a nice dynamic or condenser microphone for this. When it comes to recording live sound or instruments with high SPL levels, such as guitars and drums, dynamic microphones are ideal. We also have condenser microphones, which are ideal when recording vocals. Microphones, depending on the type you want to use, will cost between N5,000 and N40,000.
You’ll need a microphone stand in addition to the microphone, so make sure your mic ships or buy a compatible mic stand if feasible. Microphone-stands exist in a variety of shapes and sizes, each with its purpose and will cost between N4,000 and N15,000.
External or Backup Drives.
In your recording studio, an external or backup hard drive can be used for a variety of purposes. I recommend getting a dedicated hard drive to not only free up space on your computer’s internal hard drive but also back up your data in the event of an eventuality. Before buying a second drive, you need to think about a few factors. If you have a desktop computer, you can either add a second hard drive or purchase a portable hard drive. If you’re working on a laptop, a portable or external hard drive is a good option. A good drive will cost between N25,000 and N40,000, depending on the memory size.
Pop filters are an essential piece of equipment for your recording studio. A pop filter is a net-like material that sits between the singer’s mouth and the microphone for recording. A pop filter captures the blasts of air produced when a singer pronounces “p” or “b” sounds before they reach the microphone’s diaphragm. A good pop filter will cost between N10,000 and N150,000, depending on the setup of your studio.
Studio Microphone Price in Nigeria
A microphone will be used for the majority of your recordings. A dynamic or condenser microphone will be used for this. When it comes to recording live sound or instruments with high SPL levels, such as guitars and drums, dynamic microphones are ideal. A nice dynamic studio microphone would be the Shure SM7B, which costs between N5,000 and N10,000.
Condenser microphones are excellent for recording vocals. You’ll need to make sure your audio interface has a phantom power supply because they’re powered by phantom power designated at +48V.
Condenser microphones are more sensitive than dynamic microphones, so they will pick up more details. Large-diaphragm and small-diaphragm condenser mics are the two types. Condenser mics with a small-diaphragm are ideal for recording drum overheads and other instruments. A good and reliable condenser microphone for your recording studio will cost between N18,000 and N40,000.